Galapagos Animals & Galapagos Species
The Galapagos Isles boast an incredible and impressive number of flora and fauna, with roughly 9,000 species of animals found on the islands and in its surrounding waters. This staggering number is made even more impressive due to the extremely high percentage of endemic species that can be found nowhere else in the world. Over 75% of the reptiles and land birds are endemic to the Galapagos, as well as one-third of the 500 plus plants, including unique species of cotton, pepper, and tomatos.
The sea-life of the Galapagos islands is no less impressive, and more than 400 species of fish swim alongside sharks, turtles, urchins, sea cucumbers, crabs, anemones, and sponges. Due to the diversity of warm and cold ocean currents, both cold water species, such as Galapagos penguins (the only species of penguins found in the Northern Hemisphere) and marine iguanas, and warm water species, such as manta rays and corals, can be found within the Galapagos Archipelago.
Some of the most recognizable animals in the Galapagos Isles are:
Galapagos Land Iguanas, Conolophus
Marine Iguanas, Amblyrhynchus
Galapagos Tortoises, Geochelone Elephantopus
Galapagos Green Turtle, Chelonia Mydas Agassisi
Flightless Cormorants, Phalacrocorax Harrisi
Great Frigate and Magnificent Frigate birds
Blue-footed Boobies, Sula Nebouxii
Galapagos Penguins, Spheniscus Mendiculus
Waved Albatross, Phoebasrria Irrorata
Galapagos Hawks, Buteo Galapagoensis
Four endemic species of Galapagos Mockingbirds
Thirteen endemic species of tanagers (Darwin´s Finches)
Galapagos Sea-lions, Zalophus Wollebaeki
Sally Lightfoot Crabs
Galapagos Sharks, Carcharhinus Galapagensi
Keep in mind that the wildlife activity and behavior in the Galapagos is seasonal, and some species are only found during certain times of the year. Check out the Galapagos Wildlife Activity Calender in the Galapagos Travel
section for information that may be helpful to you if you are thinking about planning a visit to the Galapagos.
The Galapagos Isles